Research

Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals
Appelman, A. (in press). Written in code: Exploring the negative effects of acronyms in news headlines. Journalism Practice. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2020.1867622
Appelman, A. & Hettinga, K. E. (in press). Correcting online content: The influence of news outlet reputation. Journalism Practice. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2020.1784776
Appelman, A. & Hettinga, K.E. (2021). The ethics of transparency: A review of corrections language in international journalistic codes of ethics. Journal of Media Ethics, 36(2), 97-110. https://doi.org/10.1080/23736992.2021.1899826
 
Formentin, M., Hettinga, K.E., & Appelman, A. (2021). Two wrongs don’t make a right: Journalists’ perceptions and usages of press releases. Corporate Reputation Review, 24(2), 65-75. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41299-019-00091-z
 
Hettinga, K.E. & Appelman, A. (2020). Errors, requests, apologies: A case study of 50 years of corrections in a college newspaper. College Media Review, 57.
 
Oeldorf-Hirsch, A., Schmierbach, M., Appelman, A., & Boyle, M. (2020). The ineffectiveness of fact-checking labels on news memes and articles. Mass Communication and Society, 23(5), 682-704. Special Issue: “What IS News?” https://doi.org/10.1080/15205436.2020.1733613
 
Appelman, A. (2020). “ALPHABET SOUP”: Examining acronym and abbreviation style in headlines. Journalism Practice, 14(7), 880-895. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 17512786.2019.1642125
Oeldorf-Hirsch, A., Schmierbach, M., Appelman, A., & Boyle, M. (2020). For the birds: Media sourcing, Twitter and the minimal effect on audience perceptions. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 26(2), 350-368. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354856518780438
Appelman, A. & Hettinga, K.E. (2019). Error message: Creation of a revised codebook for analysis of newspaper corrections. Newspaper Research Journal, 40(1), 25-37. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739532918814452
Appelman, A. & Schmierbach, M. (2018). Make no mistake? Cognitive and perceptual effects of grammatical errors in news articles. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 95(4), 930-947. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077699017736040
Hettinga, K.E., Appelman, A., Otmar, C., Posada, A., & Thompson, A. (2018). Comparing and contrasting corrected errors at four newspapers. Newspaper Research Journal, 39(2), 155-168. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739532918775685
Appelman, A. & Asmara, M. (2018). A crisis by any other name? Examining the effects of journalistic “crisis labeling” on corporate perceptions. Newspaper Research Journal, 39(1), 83-92. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739532918761060
Hoewe, J., Appelman, A., & Stevens, E. (2017). Mr. Mom in the news: The relationship between stereotypes and perceptions of gendered news stories. Communication Research Reports, 34(1),
11-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/08824096.2016.1224163
Hettinga, K. E. & Appelman, A. (2016). Repeating error lowers perception of correction's importance. Newspaper Research Journal, 37(3), 249-260. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739532916664376
Hettinga, K. E., Clark, R., & Appelman, A. (2016). Exploring the use of corrections on college newspapers’ websites. College Media Review, 53, 4-17.
Appelman, A. & Sundar, S. S. (2016). Measuring message credibility: Scale construction and validation with news articles. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 93(1), 59-79. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077699015606057
Appelman, A. & Hettinga, K. E. (2015). Do news corrections affect credibility? Not necessarily. Newspaper Research Journal, 36(4), 415-425. https://doi.org/10.1177/ 0739532915618403
Zhong, B. & Appelman, A. (2014). How college students read and write on the Web: The role of ICT use in processing online information. Computers in Human Behavior, 38, 201-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.05.037
Hettinga, K. E. & Appelman, A. (2014). Corrections of newspaper errors have little impact. Newspaper Research Journal, 35(1), 51-63. https://doi.org/10.1177/073953291403500105
Appelman, A. & Bolls, P. (2011). Article recall, credibility lower with grammar errors. Newspaper Research Journal, 32(2), 50-62. https://doi.org/10.1177/073953291103200205

 
Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings
Campan, A., Truta, T.M., Huesman, S., Wardrop, C., & Appelman, A. (2020). Collecting domain-relevant tweets: Creation and application of a new framework. In Wu, X., Jermaine, C., Xiong, L., Hu, X., Kotevska, O., Lu, S., Xu, W., Aluru, S., Zhai, C., Al-Masri, E., Chen, Z., & Saltz, J. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (pp. 4300-4307), Atlanta, GA, USA [Converted to virtual due to COVID-19.]: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ BigData50022.2020.9377778
Bien-Aimé, S., Appelman, A., Jankowski, S., & Day, M. (2019). Promoting journalism: Analysis of education programs’ homepages. In Bernier, M. & Guenee, P. (Eds.), Teaching journalism in a disruptive age: Proceedings of the 5th World Journalism Education Congress (pp. 303-318), Paris, France: World Journalism Education Congress.
 
Jankowski, S., Day, M., Bien-Aimé, S., & Appelman, A. (2019). “Trump Bump”: U.S. students define journalism education in the age of Trump. In Bernier, M. & Guenee, P. (Eds.), Teaching journalism in a disruptive age: Proceedings of the 5th World Journalism Education Congress (pp. 749-762), Paris, France: World Journalism Education Congress.
 
Truta, T.M., Kain, P., Atnafu, T., Campan, A., Nolan, J., & Appelman, A. (2019). Twitter streaming API data collection for infrequent keywords. In R. Stahlbock, G. M. Weiss, & M. Abdou-Nasr (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2019 International Conference on Data Science (ICDATA’19) (pp. 157-163), Las Vegas, NV, USA: CSREA Press.